Prostate cancer is the 3rd most common cancer in Singapore.
Causes and Risks
Prostate cancer usually occurs after the age of 50 and is most common in those over 70 years of age. Family history and smoking is thought to be the main contributor.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
Early prostate cancer has no symptoms. In more advanced cases, it may be difficult to pass urine.
A blood test can be used to diagnose, screen and test for prostate cancer. This should be done on a regular basis for men above 50 years of age. Should cancer be suspected, CT, MRI and bone scans will be performed to analyse and confirm the extent of the cancer.
Radiation therapy or surgery can be used for early prostate cancer.
Hormonal therapy can help block the production of male sex hormones that are produced in the prostate, therefore controlling the growth of the prostate cancer. In some instances, this may also include the removal of both testes (bilateral orchiectomy). In advanced prostate cancer, chemotherapy may be used.